The US has announced sanctions against Chinese politicians who it claims are responsible for human rights violations against Muslim minorities in Xinjiang.
China is accused of mass detentions, religious persecution and forced sterilisation of the Uighur Muslims.
The sanctions target US-based financial interests belonging to Xinjiang’s Communist Party leader Chen Quanguo and two other officials.
China denies any mistreatment of Muslims in Xinjiang province.
Authorities there are thought to have detained about a million people in re-education camps in the province.
Mr Chen has become the highest-ranking Chinese official to be hit by US sanctions. He is seen as the architect of Beijing’s policies against minorities.
Two other officials have also been hit by sanctions – Wang Mingshan, director of the Xinjiang Public Security Bureau and Zhu Hailun, a former senior communist leader in Xinjiang.
These sanctions mean that they are barred from entering the US and will have US-based assets frozen.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US was acting against “horrific and systematic abuses” in the western region.
“The United States will not stand idly by as the CCP [Chinese Communist Party] carries out human rights abuses targeting Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs and members of other minority groups in Xinjiang,” Mr Pompeo said in a statement.
He said the US was also placing additional visa restrictions on other Communist Party officials believed to be responsible for abuses in Xinjiang. Their family members may also be subject to the restrictions.
Tensions between the two countries are already high over the coronavirus pandemic and China’s decision to introduce a national security law in Hong Kong.