A total of 542 independent scientists on Kolabtree took the survey. Respondents had been working independently for an average of 4.5 years.
Key findings from the survey:
79% of freelance scientists say they work independently by choice
The majority of independent scientists said that they freelance or consult out of choice. Kolabtree respondents were highly educated, and worked in a variety of industries including pharmaceuticals, food science, medical science, biology, and psychology. 49% had earned doctoral degrees, which shows the trend towards freelancing among highly-skilled knowledge workers.
Ability to work across geographical boundaries highly valued by scientists
73% of scientists said that they turn to freelancing to have the ability to work across geographical boundaries. Respondents were spread across the globe, with 41% working in North America and 22.5% living in Europe.
Scientists cite flexibility and control as major benefits of independent work
Flexibility in working style and the freedom to choose projects they worked on seem to be the primary motivating factors for scientists to consult or freelance. Over 90% said that flexibility is highly important, and 85% said they want to choose the projects they work on. While over 50% of respondents took up freelance work only in their area of specialization, 42% said their independent work was a mix of gigs both inside and outside of their specialization.
56% of freelance scientists are optimistic about the future of the science gig economy
Slightly more than half of the respondents said that they were optimistic about the future of freelancing for scientists. 27% said that they planned to make the switch from a traditional career to full-time freelance work, while 12.3% did not, and 21% were unsure if they would make the switch.
Kolabtree CEO and Co-founder Ashmita Das said, “The findings from the survey shows that scientists are actively looking for freelance opportunities where they can contribute their skills and expertise. The fact that scientists value flexibility, freedom and the ability to have control over what projects they take up is of great benefit to businesses looking to collaborate with experts across geographical boundaries.”
Additional findings from the survey:
Levels of income as compared to traditional roles
37% of respondents were earning between $35,000 and $100,000, 35% earning less than $20,000 per year, 16% earning between $20,000 and $34,999, and approximately 8% earning over $100,000.
Approximately 17% of respondents (n=81) said that they earned more in their freelance work than they had previously in a traditional role, 12% (n=55) earned about the same, 39%( n=184) earned less than they did in a traditional role.
Income and location did not seem to impact reported level of thriving
Respondents who reported earning less than $20,000 a year reported almost the exact same level of thriving (emotional stability, high levels of energy) as did those making over $150,000 a year. Interestingly, despite the majority earning a smaller income, those living outside of the UK, US, and Canada reported higher levels of thriving than did those inside these countries.
Lack of career security top challenge for independent scientists
The most prevalent challenges independent scientists face are a lack of career security, financial unpredictability and intellectual loneliness. The extent of positive or negative experiences were shaped by individual levels of cognitive flexibility and tolerance for ambiguity. This suggests that developing these individual level attributes are likely to be important for independent workers’ ability to handle the stressors of independent work.
These findings are from the initial part of a longer research study being conducted by Brianna’s team. The research group is continuing to study the challenges that independent scientists face, and the factors (socioeconomic, job characteristics, individual characteristics) that impact their experience, and their responses to these challenges. Subsequent results will also explore the impact of the pandemic on remote/independent working for scientists and researchers. Of this research, Brianna says the team’s interest is in “identifying the psychological, behavioral, and social factors that help independent scientists to bounce back from setbacks and thrive amidst the challenges of independent work.”
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About the research team
Brianna Caza’s research group aims to better understand individual practices that help to mitigate the effects of independent work challenges on worker outcomes.
This research is part of a larger research effort aimed at understanding the experiences of professional gig workers. The purpose of this research is to examine the short and long term dynamics that impact the ways in which workers react to the potentially disruptive, ongoing strain of precarious and complex contract based work. This research is sponsored by an Insight Grant awarded to Brianna Caza (University of North Carolina at Greensboro & University of Manitoba), Erin Reid (McMaster University), and Sue Ashford (University of Michigan) from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC). The research team recently published an article summarizing the conceptual framework they are examining in their set of studies here:
Ashford, S. J., Caza, B. & Reid, E. (2018). Individuals in the New World of Work: A Research Agenda. In A. P. Brief & B. M. Staw, (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior. New York, Elsevier
Kolabtree is the world’s largest freelance platform for scientists, helping organizations hire experts on demand. Our mission is to make scientific expertise easily accessible by connecting researchers and businesses with PhD-qualified researchers, data analysts and medical writers. For more information, visit our website www.kolabtree.com or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook.
University of North Carolina at Greensboro