After lagging behind its more tech-exposed peers throughout the coronavirus pandemic, the Dow Jones industrial average is finally playing catch-up.
S&P Dow Jones Indices announced on Monday afternoon that it would kick Exxon Mobil, Raytheon, and Pfizer out of the benchmark index, replaced by Salesforce, Amgen, and Honeywell. The changes are set to take effect when the market opens on August 31.
The shift was prompted by Apple’s 4-for-1 stock split, set to take effect on Friday after the closing bell. The tech giant comprises 12% of the Dow, but its split will reduce its influence on the price-weighted index. The addition of tech names will “help offset that reduction,” S&P Dow Jones Indices said in a press release.
“They also help diversify the index by removing overlap between companies of similar scope and adding new types of businesses that better reflect the American economy,” the company said.
The changes won’t alter the Dow’s level, as the divisor used to calculate members’ prices will be changed before the August 31 open. The index closed at 28,308.46 on Monday, down roughly 0.5% year-to-date.
While the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq composite reached record highs on Monday, the Dow remained about 4.4% from its own peak. The index’s industrial lean has kept it from reaping the benefits of tech stocks’ weeks-long rally.
The shift also ends Exxon’s reign as the index’s longest-serving component. The company was the largest US firm by market cap as recently as 2011 but has slumped in recent years amid a shift in interest from commodities to tech stocks.
Stocks of the companies in the latest overhaul began trading on the news before Tuesday’s open. Exxon sank as much as 1.2% in early trading, while Raytheon and Pfizer fell 1.4% and 1%. Salesforce gained 2.5%, Honeywell jumped 3.5%, and Amgen climbed 4%.
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